Create a Model in Laravel: A Step-by-Step Guide for Developers

Building a robust Laravel application requires a solid understanding of models. These models act as blueprints for your data, connecting your application to your database. This comprehensive guide will equip you with the proficiency to create models in Laravel with ease.

We’ll dive into the step-by-step procedure followed by the top-notch Laravel development company. It includes expert-approved techniques that will help you create models efficiently, just like the pros.

We’ll cover everything from using the Artisan command to defining model properties and crafting database migrations. By following these steps, you’ll be well on your way to building powerful and data-driven Laravel applications.

What are Models in Laravel?

In Laravel, models serve as the bridge between your application’s logic and the database. They act as blueprints or representations of your database tables. It provides a convenient way to interact with your data. Essentially, each model corresponds to a single database table within your Laravel application.

How Do Models in Laravel Work?

  • Represents Database Tables. Each Laravel model corresponds to a specific table in your database. The model’s properties map to the table’s columns, providing a structured way to interact with the data.
  • Database Interaction. Models provide methods for performing Laravel CRUD operations on the corresponding database table. This simplifies tasks like fetching data, inserting new records, updating existing ones, and deleting entries.
  • Object-Relational Mapping (ORM). Laravel leverages the concept of ORM. This means models act as objects that represent database rows. It makes the intuitive to work with data using an object-oriented approach.

Thus, using Laravel models you can interact with your database in a more organized and maintainable way. This promotes cleaner code and simplifies the process of managing your application’s data.

What is the Purpose of Creating a Model in Laravel?

Laravel models offer a powerful set of functionalities that streamline database interactions within your application. Here’s a closer look at the core purpose denoting the benefits of creating models:

  • Object-Relational Mapping (ORM). Models stand as an ORM layer. It provides an object-oriented approach to interacting with your relational database. You can interact with database tables using model instances and methods. This prevents the need for complex SQL queries.
  • Data Abstraction. Models shield your application logic from the underlying database specifics. This simplifies development and promotes code maintainability. It ensures the database structure changes can be implemented within the model layer without affecting other parts.
  • Relationships. Laravel models excel at managing relationships between database tables. You can define these relationships within your models, allowing you to retrieve and manage related data objects. This simplifies data retrieval and manipulation in complex scenarios.

By leveraging models, you achieve a clean separation of concerns. This promotes not only code quality but also reduces the risk of errors. For complex applications with intricate data interactions, consider hiring Laravel experts. Their experience can help you design efficient models, establish robust database relationships, and optimize your application’s performance.

How to Create a Model in Laravel?

Creating models in Laravel empowers you to establish a clean and efficient way to interact with your database. Here’s a breakdown of the process:

Step 1: Use Artisan Command

The Artisan CLI serves as a powerful tool for generating Laravel models. Here’s a breakdown of how to leverage it effectively:

1. Open the Terminal. Navigate to your Laravel project’s root directory using the cd command.

2. Execute the Artisan Command. Enter the following command, replacing <ModelName> with the desired name for your model (following Laravel naming conventions, usually singular and PascalCase):

php artisan make:model <ModelName>

For example, to create a model for managing blog posts, you would execute:

php artisan make:model Post

This command generates a new model file within the app/Models directory of your project. The file name will match the model name you provided (e.g., Post.php). While this step creates the basic model structure, it doesn’t automatically generate a database migration.

Step 2: Define Model Properties

The Artisan command provides the initial model structure, but now it’s time to breathe life into it by defining its properties. These properties represent the columns in your database table and act as the foundation for data interaction.

1. Open the Model File. Locate the model file generated in Step 1 (e.g., Post.php within your app/Models directory). Open it in your preferred code editor.

2. Locate the fillable Property. Within the model class, identify the $fillable property. This property serves as a security measure by specifying the attributes (columns) that can be mass-assigned to the model instance.

3. Define Your Model’s Fields. Inside the $fillable property array, list the names of the database table columns that correspond to your model’s properties. Here’s an example:

protected $fillable = [

In this example, the model can be assigned values for the title, content, and author_id properties. The $fillable property is important for preventing security vulnerabilities. It limits the data that can be inserted or updated through the model. While the $fillable property is essential, Laravel models offer various other ways you can explore to define properties and interact with your database.

Step 3: Database Migration

While the Artisan command generates a model file, it doesn’t automatically create a corresponding database migration. A migration file serves a vital purpose: outlining the structure of your database table. It includes column definitions and data types. Here’s a breakdown of how to create a migration:

1. Use the Artisan Command (with -m flag). While not strictly necessary for model creation, it’s highly recommended to have a migration in place. You can generate a migration file alongside the model using the -m flag with the Artisan command from Step 1:

php artisan make:model Post -m

This command creates a new migration file within the database/migrations directory. The file name will follow a timestamp convention (e.g., 2024_03_14_18_10_12_create_posts_table.php).

2. Create a New PHP File. Alternatively, you can manually create a new PHP file within the database/migrations directory. Name the file following the Laravel convention (e.g., YYYY_MM_DD_HH_MM_SS_create_<table_name>_table.php, where <table_name> corresponds to your model’s table name).

Define the Table Structure:

  • Open the Migration File. Regardless of the creation method, open the migration file in your preferred code editor.
  • Utilize the Schema Facade. Within the migration class’s up method, leverage Laravel’s Schema facade to define the table structure. Here’s an example:
public function up()
    Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

This example defines a table named posts with columns for id (primary key), title, content, and timestamps for creation and update tracking. While creating a migration file is an optional step, it’s highly recommended for a well-defined database schema.

Step 4: Further Customization (Optional)

The core model creation process is complete. However, Laravel models offer a wealth of optional features to enhance their capabilities and streamline your application’s logic. Here’s an exploration of some customization options:

 1. Defining Relationships. It represents connections between different tables in your database. You can define these relationships within your models to efficiently retrieve and manage related data. Laravel supports various relationship types like one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many.

class Post extends Model
    public function author()
        return $this->belongsTo(User::class);

In this example, the Post model defines a belongsTo relationship with the User model, allowing you to easily access the author of a post.

2. Creating Custom Methods. It helps you to extend the functionality of your model beyond basic database interactions. You can define methods within your model class to handle specific data manipulation tasks or complex logic for the application.

class Post extends Model
    public function getExcerpt()
        return Str::limit($this->content, 100);

This example defines a getExcerpt method that retrieves and truncates the post content to a specified length.

3. Implementing Validation Rules. It provides a mechanism to ensure data integrity and prevent invalid data from entering your database. You can define validation rules within your model class to validate user input or data retrieved from external sources.

class Post extends Model
    protected $rules = [
        'title' => 'required|string|max:255',
        'content' => 'required|string',

This example defines validation rules for the title and content properties. Using them, you can checkmark if they are required, of specific data types, and adhere to maximum length restrictions.

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What are the Additional Use Cases of a Model in Laravel?

While we’ve explored the core functionalities of Laravel models, they offer a surprising array of additional use cases. Each of them can improve your application’s development and functionality. Here’s a glance into some of these features:

1. Data Validation

Laravel models act as the first line of defense for your database’s integrity. You can define validation rules within your model to ensure only valid data is assigned to its properties. This prevents unexpected or incorrect data from entering your database, promoting data consistency and application stability.

2. Custom Logic and Methods

For common data manipulation tasks or complex logic specific to your model, you can create custom methods within the model class. These methods summarize that functionality and improve code organization. This keeps your code clean and maintainable, especially as your application grows in complexity.

3. Event Handlers

Laravel’s event system allows models to interact with events triggered during their lifecycle (e.g., creation, update, deletion). By defining event handlers within your model, you can execute specific code in response to these events. This can be helpful for tasks like sending notifications, logging changes, or performing background jobs.

4. Data Scopes

Data scopes offer a mechanism to filter or modify the results of your model’s database queries. You can define scopes within your model class to constrain the retrieved data based on specific criteria. This promotes cleaner and more focused queries, especially when dealing with complex data sets.

5. Value Objects

For data that shouldn’t be modified after creation, Laravel models can leverage value objects. These objects encapsulate data in an immutable state, ensuring its integrity throughout your application. This approach is particularly useful for sensitive data or data that represents calculations or aggregations.

By exploring these advanced features, you can unlock the full potential of Laravel models and create a more maintainable application. For complex applications, requiring in-depth utilization of these advanced model features, consider enlisting a top Laravel development agency. Their knowledge can guide you in implementing these functionalities, ensuring your application operates at peak performance.

FAQs on the Process of Creating a Model in Laravel

How do I create a model in Laravel?
Laravel's Artisan command makes creating models a breeze. Just open your terminal, navigate to your Laravel project directory, and run:
  • php artisan make:model ModelName
  • Replace "ModelName" with the actual name of your model (e.g., php artisan make:model Post). This creates a new model file in the app/Models directory.
    How do I define relationships between models in Laravel?
    Laravel provides convenient methods for defining relationships between models, such as one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many relationships. You can use methods like hasOne, hasMany, belongsTo, belongsToMany, etc., within your model classes to define these relationships.
    How do I use the model to interact with data?
    Laravel's Eloquent ORM (Object-Relational Mapper) provides powerful methods for interacting with your database through the model. Here are some common actions:
    • Creating Records: Use the create method to insert new data into the table.
    • Retrieving Records: Use methods like find, where, or all to fetch data based on conditions.
    • Updating Records: Use the update method to modify existing data.
    • Deleting Records: Use the delete method to remove records from the table.


    Creating models in Laravel is a fundamental step in building your application’s data layer. Models provide a clean and efficient way to interact with your database, handle data validation, and define custom logic. By following the steps outlined in this blog, you can create robust models that streamline your development process.

    For those who want to take their Laravel development to the next level, consider exploring the additional use cases mentioned, like data scopes and value objects. These advanced techniques can further enhance your application’s organization and maintainability.

    Need help with creating or customizing models in your Laravel project? Let our experienced Laravel developers help you with it.

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    Mayur Upadhyay is a tech professional with expertise in Shopify, WordPress, Drupal, Frameworks, jQuery, and more. With a proven track record in web development and eCommerce development.

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