Seeding Database in Laravel: A Comprehensive Guide for Developers

When it comes to creating a website, a solid foundation is incredibly important. That means not just writing a well-founded code, but also defining the database. That’s where seeding comes in.

Professional Laravel development services use it to pre-populate your database with a set of example data. This might include users, products, blog posts, or any other data your application needs to function. Seeding also aids in writing comprehensive tests, ensuring your application behaves as expected with predefined data.

Let’s see exactly what database seeding is and how it helps with Laravel development.

What is Database Seeding in Laravel?

Database Seeding refers to the technique of injecting pre-defined data sets into your database using seed classes. This data can be anything from basic user accounts to complex relationships between models. The two classes of database seeding includes:

  • Seeder Classes: In Laravel, a Seeder class is a blueprint for injecting pre-defined data sets into your database. These classes define the logic for data insertion using methods like DB::table or Eloquent models within the run method. You can create seeder classes using the php artisan make:seeder MySeeder command.
  • DatabaseSeeder Class: The DatabaseSeeder class in Laravel acts as the central coordinator for your database seeding process. Using this class you can manage the execution of other seeder classes. It is located in the database/seeds directory, from which you call the method to run seed classes.

By using these classes together you can leverage Laravel’s seeding functionality for efficient development, testing and user management in laravel.

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Key Advantages of Database Seeding

Seeding serves multiple advantages ranging from making development efficient to helping you test it for real world scenarios. Here are some of the key advantages it serves making it a valuable:

  • Boosted Development Efficiency: Seeding eliminates the need to manually create test data for every development iteration. This saves developers time and effort, allowing them to focus on building functionalities and logic rather than data entry.
  • Ensured Testing Consistency: By using the same seeded data set for tests, you achieve consistent and repeatable results. This consistency makes it easier to identify and fix bugs effectively, as any changes in behavior will be the same.
  • Realistic Testing Scenarios: By seeding data that reflects real-world use cases allows you to test your application’s behavior under more realistic conditions. This helps you identify potential issues with basic test data, leading to a bug free product.
  • Faster Development Iteration: With pre-populated data readily available, developers can quickly iterate on functionalities without recreating data each time. This allows for faster development cycles and quicker bug fixes.

Laravel development services can leverage seeding to create realistic demo environments for clients. They also offer simple data backups using seeding in laravel and other methods. So, let’s start to learn how you can seed databases in laravel.

How to Seed a Database in Laravel?

Database seeding in Laravel offers a powerful way to populate your database with initial data, streamlining development and testing. Here’s a step-by-step guide to get you started:

Step 1: Create a Seeder Class

Generate a new seeder class using the artisan command:

php artisan make:seeder UsersTableSeeder

This will create a new seeder file in the database/seeders directory.

Step 2: Define Seeder Logic

Open the newly created seeder file database/seeders/UsersTableSeeder.php and define the logic to insert data into the database. For example:

use Illuminate\Database\Seeder;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\DB;
use Illuminate\Support\Str;
class UsersTableSeeder extends Seeder
    public function run()
            'name' => Str::random(10),
            'email' => Str::random(10) . '',
            'password' => bcrypt('password'),

This step defines the data insertion logic in the seeder file, specifying what data should be added to the database.

Step 3: Register the Seeder in DatabaseSeeder:

Open the database/seeders/DatabaseSeeder.php file and call the newly created seeder class from the run method:

use Illuminate\Database\Seeder;
class DatabaseSeeder extends Seeder
    public function run()

With this step we have registered a new seeder in the DatabaseSeeder class to ensure it gets executed when you run the seeding command.

Step 4: Run the Seeder

Use the Artisan command to run the seeder and populate the database with the defined data:

php artisan db:seed
php artisan db:seed --class=UserTableSeeder

It will run the UserTableSeeder class.

Step 5: Using Model factories

Laravel provides a convenient way to create dummy data using factories. The first step is to create a factory for the User model if it doesn’t already exist:

php artisan make:factory UserFactory --model=User

Step 6: Defining Model Factory

Now, we define the model factory that we want to extend in our seeder class, for example:

use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\Factory;
use Illuminate\Support\Str;
class UserFactory extends Factory
    protected $model = User::class;
    public function definition()
        return [
            'name' => $this->faker->name,
            'email' => $this->faker->unique()->safeEmail,
            'email_verified_at' => now(),
            'password' => bcrypt('password'),
            'remember_token' => Str::random(10),

The above code defines the model factory you want to extend and creates a definition function.

Step 7: Update Seeder Class

Once the factory is extended to your class, we need to update the seeder class, which can be done using the following code:

use Illuminate\Database\Seeder;
use App\Models\User;
class UsersTableSeeder extends Seeder
    public function run()

This code will update the seeder class that will ensure error free seeding when we run it.

Step 8: Run All Seeders

To run all the seeders defined in DatabaseSeeder, use the following command:

php artisan db:seed
php artisan db:seed --class=User

This command runs all seeders registered in DatabaseSeeder, populating the database with all the initial data defined.

Using factories simplifies the generation of large amounts of dummy data, making the seeding process more efficient and realistic. However, hiring a professional Laravel company can be more beneficial for a complete development process for complex projects.

FAQs Seeding Database in Laravel

Can I control the order in which data is seeded?
Yes. The DatabaseSeeder class acts as a central coordinator. You can use the call method within seeder classes to run them in a particular order. This control is especially used if tables have data dependencies.
Why is seeding databases important in Laravel?
Seeding databases in Laravel is important because it allows you to easily set up a database with initial data that your application can use. This saves time and effort when setting up a new project and ensures that your application has the necessary data to function properly.
Can I version-control my seeders?
Yes, seeders can be version-controlled along with your application code. This ensures that all team members have access to the same initial dataset. It facilitates collaboration and consistency across different development environments.


In the area of testing, database seeding has emerged as a powerful tool in Laravel development. By strategically injecting pre-defined data sets into your database, you can unlock advantages such as:

  • Streamlined development
  • Consistent testing
  • Realistic testing Scenarios
  • Faster development iterations

So, businesses seeking their development to be bug free and efficient should consider hiring Laravel developers. They can implement seeding practices along with complete development of Laravel applications.

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Mayur Upadhyay is a tech professional with expertise in Shopify, WordPress, Drupal, Frameworks, jQuery, and more. With a proven track record in web development and eCommerce development.

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