Table of Content
- What is a Docker & How Does It Work?
- Key Features of Docker Application
- Advantages of Using Docker for WordPress Development
- How to Set Up a Local WordPress Development Environment Using Dockers?
- FAQs Related to Local WordPress Development Using Docker
Do you know what the most significant advantage of WordPress is? It’s customizability for the websites. So there are multiple elements of customizability, some of which may go wrong on the live website. That’s why expert WordPress developers suggest you create a sort of workshop for your website. So a local WordPress development using Docker might be worth the shot.
With Docker, you can create an independent environment with just a few lines of code in the WordPress Command Line Interface (WP-CLI). Its compatibility with WordPress lets you set up several local environments (or containers) with different tools and servers. Every container would be like a separate computer for your website. So you can use different tech stacks for each one.
We know all this can be a bit confusing. So we have compiled a comprehensive guide on the local WordPress development with Docker. You’ll learn everything from what Docker is, how it works, its key features, and advantages, to its pricing details. Below, we have also specified how to install and set up Docker for local WordPress development on different OS.
So let’s start.
What is a Docker & How Does It Work?
Docker is an open-source application that allows developers to create self-contained, isolated environments. So they can run multiple applications and tech stacks regardless of the underlying operating system or infrastructure. Plus, the containers won’t need their own separate OSs as they will share the host. Also, the server’s workload will be much lighter. It will be able to run multiple containers simultaneously without any impact on the performance.
For local WordPress development, Docker can help set up a containerized environment with all the necessary components for running WordPress. That includes a web server, database, and PHP. It allows developers to quickly and easily set up a local development environment without installing and configuring each component individually.
Docker uses containerization tech to create and manage lightweight, independent environments called containers. They package an application and all its dependencies, including libraries, frameworks, and configuration files. These containers can run on any system that supports Docker. They provide consistent behavior regardless of the underlying infrastructure.
So after setting up the Docker container, you can access your WordPress site through a web browser and begin developing locally. Any changes you make to the WordPress files or configuration within the container will be reflected immediately.
Overall, Docker provides a streamlined and efficient way to set up a consistent, isolated, and portable development environment for WordPress. So the developers can work on their WordPress projects locally before implementing the changes to the live website.
Key Features of Docker Application
Docker can be an excellent application for setting up local WordPress development. It lets the developers test the design and functionalities, as well as updates before they are deployed on the live site.
It provides several key features that make it an excellent choice for local WordPress development. Here are a few of them:
Easy Setup & Configuration
Docker ensures you can easily set up and configure the local WordPress development. Through a pre-built Docker image specially designed for WordPress, it will be quick and easy to create an isolated environment with all the necessary components. That comprises the web server, database, and PHP. So you won’t have to install and configure each of these components individually, which saves time and effort. Needless to say, this type of easy setup and configuration allows for efficient WordPress development.
Consistent & Duplicable Environment
You can create a consistent yet reproducible dev environment for WordPress with Docker. Docker images are fixed with different versions, which means you can define the exact configuration of the environment using a Docker file. So all developers working on the project are using the same environment, ensuring little to no compatibility issues. Basically, you won’t hear stuff like, “It works on my PC. I don’t know what the problem is.”
Docker containers provide isolation between your WordPress development environment and the host system. That prevents any conflicts with other software or libraries installed on your machine. So you can rest assured your local WordPress development won’t interfere with other projects or system configurations, thanks to a clean and separate environment.
Docker containers are highly portable. So you can easily share your local WordPress development environment with others. By packaging your entire development setup into a Docker image, you can conveniently collaborate with teammates or deploy the same environment to different machines or cloud platforms. Docker images include the WordPress files, plugins, and configurations.
Efficient Resource Usage
Docker containers are lightweight and efficient in their resource usage. They share the host system’s kernel and resources, minimizing the overhead compared to running a full virtual machine for each WordPress instance. That allows you to run multiple WordPress containers on a single host, optimizing resource utilization without compromising performance.
Docker simplifies the maintenance of your local WordPress development environment. If you need to update dependencies or make changes to the environment, you can modify the Dockerfile or update the Docker image accordingly. Docker’s versioning and rollback capabilities let you easily switch between different versions of the Docker image. That ensures a smooth maintenance process.
These key features of Docker make it a powerful tool for local WordPress development. It provides an efficient, reproducible, and isolated environment. Plus, it simplifies the setup, maintenance, and collaboration aspects of WordPress development. That enhances the development workflow, so the developers can focus on building and testing their WordPress projects with ease.
But how might Docker be advantageous for WordPress development? We’ll find out in the next section.
Advantages of Using Docker for WordPress Development
Almost every major WordPress development company advises on using Docker for workflow optimization. But why? Well, Dockerizing your WordPress website can be quite advantageous for the development process in the following ways:
- Accuracy Across the Environment: When it comes to WordPress development, the dev team uses a variety of environments and machines through production, QA, deployment, and more. That means even a minor difference in the environment may lead to problems, meaning hours of team meetings to find the root of the issue. But with Docker images, you can achieve better consistency and accuracy in the environments from dev to production to testing. So your code will fly by with little to no complications.
- Isolation: With Docker, every container has its own runtime environment containing the process space along with a network stack. Running in this dedicated environment makes it easier for the dev team to catch any security bugs without infecting other containers. Plus, with this kind of isolation, you can test many sets of data with your website or application as you want without any overhead dependency.
- Speed of Development: When you are working on a WordPress website with your team, there is a chance everyone has a different kind of machine and OS. So in a normal sense, you’ll need some time to set the compatibility between them. But just installing Docker on the machines and downloading the images for the containers can save you quite some time. That will ensure better time management in WordPress development.
- Scalability: When compared to virtual machines, Docker containers offer much easier scalability. As mentioned earlier, these containers are well-packaged, lightweight pieces of application that can be scaled with resources as required. Plus, in case of a hardware failure, you can ship the containers from one host environment to the other much easier compared to a virtual machine.
Another advantage of using Docker that not many people think of is the pricing. Being an open-source application, you can get Docker for web development through WordPress for just starting at $5 per month. (you can also get a free version, but it doesn’t include the pro tools that professional developers need)
Now, this cost may seem a little steep to some. But the advantages shown above with respect to the local WordPress development using Docker make it worth the price.
Coming on to the primary query at hand, “How to set up a local WordPress development Using Dockers?”. We’ll discuss this question in the next section.
How to Set Up a Local WordPress Development Environment Using Dockers?
Local WordPress development will help create the websites in a much-streamlined manner. You and your team can also collaborate on the local environment quite easily. But don’t think this process is just about installing WordPress, integrating it with Docker, and you will be done.
It can be a little complex for beginners. But we’ll try to simplify it as much as possible.
#1. Install Docker
Three of the most common operating systems currently in the market are Windows, macOS, and Ubuntu. No matter which one you use, Docker can be installed on the machine quite easily.
Let’s start with Windows.
Before starting the process, ensure you comply with the system requirements for the Docker application.
- RAM: 4GB
- Processor: 64-bit (2010 and beyond)
- BIOS: Virtualization enabled
Additionally, for using the WSL 2 Docker back-end, ensure you have installed the Linux kernel update package. Most people nowadays use Windows 10 (64-bit). So we’ll assume this system and start the process.
Step 1: First, enable Hyper-V on your PC.
Step 2: Then, download the Docker Desktop for Windows and open the Docker for Windows Installer file.
Step 3: Check the boxes in the “Configuration” window based on your preferences. Afterward, click Ok.
Step 4: After the installation process is complete, click on the button Close and restart, and let your PC restart.
Step 5: After the PC has rebooted, you’ll see a pop-up window showing the Service Agreement. At the bottom of the screen, select the checkbox for “I accept the terms” and then click on Accept. (You can also see the full terms of service by clicking on View Full Terms.)
Similar to Windows, macOS users also have to pay heed to the system requirements before starting the Docker installation.
- RAM: 4GB
- Version: macOS Version 10.15 and beyond.
- VirtualBox: You can’t install the previous versions of VirtualBox 4.3.30.
Let’s start the Docker installation process:
Step 2: After that, open the docker.app in the Applications folder. For configuration, you’ll need to enter the password.
Step 3: After entering the password and clicking Ok, you’ll see a pop-up window showing the Service Agreement. At the bottom of the screen, select the checkbox for “I accept the terms” and then click on Accept. (You can also see the full terms of service by clicking on View Full Terms.)
Finally, after completing this installation process, the Docker menu will be visible on the status bar.
Installing Docker on a PC running on Ubuntu can be a little trickier than Windows and macOS. Here are the system requirements for Ubuntu users.:
- Require VPS (Virtual Private Server)
- One of these Ubuntu OSs: Ubuntu Jammy 22.04 (LTS), Ubuntu Impish 21.10, Ubuntu Focal 20.04 (LTS), or Ubuntu Bionic 18.04 (LTS)
Let’s start the Docker installation process:
Step 1: Update the package list with the following code.
Step 2: Install the prerequisite packages.
Step 3: Make a separate directory for the Docker GPG key.
Step 4: Then, add the Docker GPG key in the new directory.
Step 5: Construct the Docker repository.
Step 6: Update this repository.
Step 7: Last but not least, install the latest versions of Docker Engine, Docker Compose, and Containerd.
Step 8: Now, you will need to confirm the success of the installation process with the following command.
That will show you the following message.
That concludes the process of installing Docker on the PC. Now, we’ll move on to setting up the WordPress container on the Docker application.
#2. Setting Up WordPress Container on Docker Application
There are two ways to set up WordPress Containers on Docker: WordPress Command Line Interface (WP-CLI) and Docker Compose. Here, we’ll focus on the latter since it’s more simple and systematic.
Following are the necessary images that you will need to take from the Docker Hub.
- WordPress: WordPress’s official Docker image includes all WordPress files, along with the Apache server and PHP.
- MySQL – This image is necessary for the MySQL root user, password, and database connection variables.
- phpMyAdmin – This image is a web application for managing databases.
After procuring these images, we can start the setup process.
Step 1: Open the CLI on your PC and check for the Installation version of Docker Compose.
That will show if the Compose module is working as intended.
Step 2: then, use the following command to create a new project directory for your WordPress application.
Step 3: Locate and open the new directory.
Step 4: Now, create a new docker-compose.yml file using a text editor, and follow this code mentioned below.
Step 5: Now that the Docker Compose file is ready, run this next command in the same WordPress directory. It will help create and start the containers.
That concludes the process of setting up the WordPress container in the Docker application.
#3. WordPress Installation On a Web Browser
This part of the process is much different compared to the normal WordPress installation.
Step 1: First, open your browser and enter the link http://localhost:8000/. That will display the WordPress setup screen. Click on your preferred language from the list and press Continue.
Step 2: On the next screen, there will be a Welcome message. Below will be some fields where you will need to fill in info like Site Title, Username, Password, and Email. You can also click on the checkbox at the end to “Discourage search engines from indexing this site.”
Step 3: After entering the correct details, click on the button Install WordPress.
Step 4: Then you’ll see the screen with the message “Success!” with your username and password. Click on Log In.
Finally, you will see the main dashboard screen.
Step 5: Now, you need to set up phpMyAdmin. For that, you will need to add the following code snippet to an existing .yml file. Add it right after the Services line.
Step 6: Now, save the file and run the following docker-compose command.
Step 7: Once again, open http://localhost:8080/, and now, you will see the phpMyAdmin interface with the WordPress database.
Now, you are ready to go forward with local WordPress development using the Docker application.
As we mentioned earlier, this process can be a little tricky for beginners in the web development space. So we recommend you get in touch with a WordPress development company. They have the skilled personnel and a wealth of knowledge to help you create the best local WordPress environment. We understand you may still have some queries regarding this particular subject matter. So in the next section, you’ll see some of the most frequently asked questions related to Local WordPress Development Using Docker.
FAQs Related to Local WordPress Development Using Docker
WordPress is a highly-customizable website development and content management platform. So as you may imagine, there are several elements at play. That’s why you need everything just right; otherwise, it may result in performance and security issues. That’s where the local WordPress development using Docker comes in. It allows developers to create self-contained environments and streamline the workflow for website development.
But this subject matter can be a little confusing for beginners. So we have listed the key features and advantages of Docker. You can also learn the installation process of Docker and use it for local WordPress development. Seeking a well-organized, optimized WordPress site? Hire the Best web development company for top-notch solutions that deliver results.
For any more information on local WordPress development using Docker, get in touch with the experts Now!