How to Send Emails in Laravel: The Ultimate Practical Guide

Streamlining user communication is important for any web application, and Laravel, the preferred PHP framework, empowers developers with a powerful email toolkit itself. Yet, navigating the initial setup and crafting effective email workflows can be daunting.

This guide tackles sending emails in Laravel, equipping you with the technical knowledge to integrate email functionality into your projects. We’ll dive into the essential prerequisites for email functionality. It will include configuration settings and the concept of mailable classes, the common errors faced in Laravel’s email system.

Finally, we’ll explore the sending process itself and answer the common queries that might arise. This guide is precisely drafted by a leading Laravel development services provider. Hence, it ensures you have all the technical know-how to use Laravel’s email functionalities within your applications.

What are the Prerequisites to Send Emails in Laravel?

Before diving into creating appealing and informative Laravel emails, let’s get to the fundamental building blocks. These prerequisites ensure a smooth and efficient email workflow:

1. Configuration. Laravel leverages a configuration file (config/mail.php) to define your email delivery method. This step involves specifying the driver such as SMTP or Mailgun. It corresponds to the settings, such as server credentials and security protocols.

2. Mailable Classes. Laravel introduces the concept of mailable classes, acting as reusable blueprints for your email content. These classes summarize logic for building email structure, including subject lines, content, and attachments. By using mailable classes, you ensure consistent email formatting and simplify the sending process.

With these prerequisites in place, you’re well-equipped to craft effective email workflows within your Laravel application. The following sections will guide you through configuring email services. It will also include creating mailable classes and integrating them into your application’s core functionality.

How to Send Email in Laravel?

Empowering user interaction through email communication is a key plus of any Laravel application. This section dives into the step-by-step process of sending emails, ensuring your messages reach intended recipients. However, leveraging Laravel’s functionalities to their full potential can be a complex task. 

For a streamlined and efficient email workflow, consider seeking the guidance of Laravel experts. Their in-depth knowledge of the framework and best practices can ensure optimal email deliverability.

Step 1: Configure Email Service

Before preparing your emails, it’s vital to configure your preferred email delivery method within Laravel. This step ensures your emails reach their intended recipients. Here’s a breakdown of the configuration process:

1. Edit config/mail.php. This file holds the core configuration for your Laravel email functionality. Open it in your preferred text editor.

2. Specify Driver and Credentials. Locate the driver option within the file. Here, you’ll specify the email delivery method you intend to use. Common choices include SMTP for a dedicated email server or Mailgun for a cloud-based service. You can also use sendmail for a local mail server setup (depending on your hosting environment).

3. Configure Driver Settings. Following the chosen driver, locate its corresponding settings within the configuration file. For instance, using the smtp driver necessitates providing basic details. This includes SMTP server address, port, username, password, and encryption protocol. Refer to your email service provider’s documentation for accurate credentials and configuration specifics.

Example Configuration (Using smtp Driver):

'driver' => env('MAIL_DRIVER', 'smtp'),
'host' => env('MAIL_HOST'),
'port' => env('MAIL_PORT'),
'encryption' => env('MAIL_ENCRYPTION', 'tls'),
'username' => env('MAIL_USERNAME'),
'password' => env('MAIL_PASSWORD'),

Replace placeholders like env(‘MAIL_HOST’) with your actual email service provider credentials stored securely within your project’s .env environment file.

With a configured email service, you’ve laid the base for sending emails from your Laravel application. The following steps will guide you through creating mailable classes, defining email content, and initiating the sending process itself.

Step 2: Create a Mailable Class

Laravel’s mailable classes are the backbone of its email functionality. They encapsulate the logic for building your email structure, including subject lines, content, and attachments. Here’s how to create a mailable class:

1. Artisan Command. Use Laravel’s Artisan CLI tool to generate a new mailable class. In your terminal, navigate to your Laravel project’s root directory and execute the following command. Remember to replace MyTestEmail with your desired class name:

php artisan make:mail MyTestEmail

2. Class Structure. This command generates a new class file (e.g., app/Mail/MyTestEmail.php) containing the core structure of your mailable class. Laravel’s mailable classes extend the base Mailable class. It also offers various methods for defining email content and attachments.

3. Inheritance and Methods. The generated class inherits traits like Queueable and SerializesModels. You can use additional methods provided by the Mailable class. There are multiple tasks you get covered by it, such as defining email content and specifying the sender’s email address.

Example MyTestEmail.php Structure:

namespace App\Mail;
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
class MyTestEmail extends Mailable
    use Queueable, SerializesModels;
    // ... methods to define email content and attachments ...
    public function build()
        return $this->view('emails.myTestEmail')
                    ->subject('This is a Test Email');

Using a mailable class, you can create a reusable template for your email content. This promotes code maintainability and simplifies future email development within your Laravel application.

Step 3: Define Email Content (Inside MyTestEmail.php)

Having established your mailable class, it’s time to craft the actual content of your email. Laravel leverages Blade templating to provide a powerful and flexible approach to defining email structure and content.

1. Blade Template Integration. Within the build method of your mailable class (e.g., MyTestEmail.php), use the view method to specify the Blade template that holds your email’s HTML content. The argument passed to the view method should correspond to the relative path of your Blade template file.

2. Blade Template Structure. Laravel stores Blade templates for emails within the resources/views/emails directory. The build method in your mailable class references this template file (e.g., view(‘emails.myTestEmail‘)) to integrate its content.

3. Dynamic Content with Blade Syntax. Blade templates offer a familiar syntax similar to HTML but with additional directives for injecting dynamic content. You can leverage Blade directives like @if, @foreach, and {{ variable }} to personalize email content based on data passed to your mailable class.

public function build()
    return $this->view('emails.myTestEmail')
                ->subject('This is a Test Email');

The corresponding Blade template file (emails/myTestEmail.blade.php) will be created alongside your mailable class. This will be covered in the next step.

Defining email content within Blade templates enables you to achieve a clear separation between presentation and logic. This makes your code more maintainable and easier to modify.

Step 4: Create the Blade Template (emails/myTestEmail.blade.php)

Following the definition of your mailable class, crafting the visual structure and content of your email comes into play. Here’s where Blade templates shine:

1. Template File Generation. When you generate a mailable class using the Artisan command (e.g., php artisan make:mail MyTestEmail), a corresponding Blade template file is automatically created with a mailable class. This file resides in the resources/views/emails directory (e.g., resources/views/emails/myTestEmail.blade.php).

2. Basic HTML Structure. The Blade template file serves as the foundation for your email’s HTML content. You can use standard HTML tags to define the overall layout, including headers, body content, and footers.

3. Dynamic Content with Blade Directives. While the template uses HTML syntax, Blade empowers you to inject dynamic content using directives. Laravel provides directives like @if for conditional statements, @foreach for loops, and {{ variable }} for inserting data passed to your mailable class.

Example Blade Template Structure (emails/myTestEmail.blade.php):

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Test Email</title>
    <h1>This is a Test Email</h1>
    <p>This is the body content of the email.</p>

This is a basic example, and you can customize the Blade template to achieve your desired email layout. Also, you can insert content using Blade directives based on the data passed to your mailable class.

With Blade templates, you establish a reusable way to define your email’s visual presentation. This ensures consistency and maintainability across your application’s emails.

Step 5: Send the Email

With your mailable class and Blade template in place, it’s time to orchestrate the actual sending of the email. Laravel’s Mail provides a convenient way to trigger the email delivery process.

1. Laravel Mail Facade. Laravel provides the Mail facade, a convenient way to interact with email functionalities. Use the Mail::to method to specify the recipient(s) of your email. This can be a single email address or an array containing multiple recipients.

2. Specify Mailable Class. Following the recipient definition, use the send method on the Mail facade. Within the send method, pass an instance of your mailable class (e.g., MyTestEmail::class). This instructs Laravel to leverage the defined logic within your mailable class to build and send the email.

3. Optional Parameters. The send method offers additional parameters for customization. You may choose to include a closure to adjust the message object before sending or add extra data to be utilized in your Blade template.

Mail::to('')->send(new MyTestEmail());

Considering the use of the Mail facade and mailable class, you can send emails within your Laravel application. Remember to replace ‘’ with the actual email address you intend to send the message to. This concludes the core steps involved in sending emails through Laravel.

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How to Troubleshoot Errors in Sending Email in Laravel?

Encountering issues while sending emails within your Laravel application can be frustrating. Fortunately, by checking common pitfalls, you can often pinpoint the culprit and get your emails flowing again. Here’s a breakdown of potential error categories:

Encountering issues while sending emails within your Laravel application can be frustrating. Fortunately, by checking common pitfalls, you can often pinpoint the culprit and get your emails flowing again. Here’s a breakdown of potential error categories:

1. Configuration Errors

  • Alert. Incorrect email service configuration within the config/mail.php file is a frequent source of errors. Double-check that you’ve specified the correct driver and provided accurate credentials.
  • Solution. Ensure you’ve consulted your email service provider’s documentation for precise configuration details. Verify that the credentials match the associated with your email account or API key. Additionally, check your Laravel application’s error logs for any specific configuration-related messages.

2. Mailable Class Errors

  • Alert. Issues within your mailable class (e.g., MyTestEmail.php) can also lead to sending failures. Ensure there are no syntax errors or typos within the class definition and methods.
  • Solution. Use your code editor’s debugging tools or php artisan tinker to step through and inspect the generated email content. Verify that Blade template references are correct and any data manipulation is functioning as intended.

3. Sending Errors

  • Alert. Errors during the actual sending process can occur due to various reasons. These might include temporary network issues or exceeding email-sending quotas. The error can also be on the receipts side due to invalid domains or full mailboxes.
  • Solution. Implement error handling mechanisms within your Laravel application to capture sending exceptions. These exceptions can provide clues about the nature of the error. Additionally, consider retrying logic or notifying administrators of potential delivery issues.

For complex email workflows or persistent errors, consider seeking assistance from Laravel development experts. Their in-depth knowledge of the framework and email best practices can ensure smooth email delivery. Thus, it results in a positive user experience within your application.

FAQs About Sending Emails in Laravel

What are the best practices for email validation in Laravel?
Laravel offers built-in validation rules for email addresses. Use the email rule within your validation rules to ensure proper email format. You can also use third-party libraries for more advanced email validation, such as verifying MX records to confirm a valid domain.
How do I send bulk emails efficiently in Laravel?
For sending large volumes of emails, consider leveraging Laravel's queue system. This allows you to queue email-sending jobs and process them asynchronously in the background. It improves performance and prevents timeouts.
Can I track email delivery and open rates in Laravel?
While Laravel itself doesn't provide built-in email tracking functionalities, various third-party services like Mailgun or SparkPost integrate with Laravel to track email delivery and user engagement metrics.


This guide has equipped you with the knowledge and steps to establish robust email functionalities within your Laravel application. From configuring your email service and designing reusable mailable classes to defining email content with Blade templates and initiating the sending process, you now possess the skills to leverage Laravel’s email capabilities effectively.

Remember, troubleshooting and implementing best practices are crucial aspects of a successful email workflow. By following the provided tips for handling common errors and exploring advanced techniques like bulk email sending and email tracking, you can ensure your emails reach their intended recipients and deliver a positive user experience.

Need help building scalable email workflows? Let our team of Laravel development experts help you optimize your email-sending process, ensure deliverability, and implement robust tracking mechanisms.

Get personalized support for Laravel from our experts today!

Mayur Upadhyay is a tech professional with expertise in Shopify, WordPress, Drupal, Frameworks, jQuery, and more. With a proven track record in web development and eCommerce development.

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